Posts Tagged ‘Brussels’

2013: An Intense Year

kiev-2Last year in December I was in Kiev working with a citizen group wishing to improve the quality of democracy in Ukraine. The members of the group were very motivated, energetic, and excited about the prospects of making a difference in the future of their country, as well as the prospects of Ukraine making closer ties with the European Union. This December, the Government of Ukraine has turned its back on Europe, which has provoked popular outcry and unrest from pro-European groups. Many see any gains from the Orange Revolution as being finally extinguished.

The trip to Kiev was part of my work as the Director of the Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution at the University of Essex, which I maintained until 1 August when I became the new Executive Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences. The new role has meant an expanded set of responsibilities, deeper engagement with campus life across all aspects of the academic endeavour: education, research, finance and people. I work with superb team in the Faculty and other colleagues who make the job exciting, engaging and rewarding.

The higher education sector is going through profound and unprecedented change at the moment here in the UK. The government rolled out a liberalization process that has culminated in expanding the student market during this recruitment cycle by 30,000 and then by opening up the market completely from 2015.

fss-1My work involves creating the kind of value proposition for our students that is attractive, competitive and meaningful. Our strategies are geared toward achieving excellence in education (‘a transformational educational experience’) and excellence in research (maximise our performance in the research excellence framework 2014 and beyond). The Faculty of Social Sciences features top social science departments in the United Kingdom with a critical mass of academic staff carrying out cutting edge research that is data rich, methodologically rigorous, and practically applicable across many different policy sectors.

The early part of the year involved work on The Westminster Consortium for Strengthening Parliaments and Democracy, and other projects associated with the IDCR, including the wonderful joint project with the Mackman Group, Thomson Reuters Foundation, The Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO-Mexico), Human Rights Centre and ESRC: The Human Rights Atlas. The Atlas work involved a wonderful visit to FLACSO-Mexico for a workshop on measuring human rights, as well as a visit to the Circle of Mexican Magicians!

After Mexico, I found myself in Brussels for a series of meetings with the EU’s External Action Service with some of my colleagues from Kiev. I also had the opportunity of a lifetime to finally go visit Christian Chelman, one of the world’s most foremost bizarre magicians at his famous Surnateum.


In April I went to San Francisco for the annual meeting of the International Studies Association and spent a great day with Christian Cagigal, a bay area bizarre magician who showed me the Mission area and the Castro. I saw my friend and colleague Edzia Carvalho marry Sam Mansell in Sheffield. I also had the honour of lecturing to the MA in Sustainable Leadership at the University of Cambridge.


In May I got the new job and started with the preparations almost immediately. I also made my annual sojourn to Whitby for the Doomsday bizarre magic convention where I had the honour of performing in the Gala show and running a workshop on the final day. June and July were spent getting up to speed on all matters in the faculty.


After a lovely visit from my amazing mother, I had the pleasure of presenting a full day workshop on democracy for staff at the EU’s External Action Service in Brussels, where we looked at stylised facts, concepts and definitions, theories and explanations, and implications for EU policies in the area of democracy building.

On 22 July, I was delighted to host an evening of mentalism at the prestigious Magic Circle in London, which featured many of the talented members of Psycrets: The British Society of Mystery Entertainers. We had mind reading, memory stunts, tests of suggestibility, and a packed house with over 70 people.

In September I was delighted to publish my new book Human Rights and Democracy: The Precarious Triumph of Ideals with Bloomsbury. The book charts developments in democracy and human rights over the last 60 years, and reflects on my last 20 years working with democracy assessment, human rights measurement, and capacity building around the world.

The month also saw the roll out of an experiment run in our Essex Lab, which tested over 150 respondents on their attitudes to transitional justice through direct reference to the trial of Rios Montt in Guatemala. The results are promising and will be written up in 2014, and preliminary results presented in a talk at the University of Dundee in February.

This year saw the debut of my new stage show ‘Lifting Veil of Ignorance’, which is a show inspired by John Rawls and includes an exploration of deep philosophical questions through the medium of mind reading. I did parts of the show in Whitby in May, and then the whole show in Bath in September, Wivenhoe House and University of Huddersfield in October, and Southend in December.

lifting the veil-1

At the November Tabula Mentis meeting of Psycrets: The British Society of Mystery Entertainers I was presented with the Chancellor of Mystery award by the membership for service to organisation as one of its founders and the main organiser for 14 Tabula Mentae meetings since 2007.

In research terms, I was awarded two new grants, one from the Economic and Social Research Council for the extension of our Human Rights Atlas project and one from the Technology Strategy Board for a Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) with Glowinkowski International.

As an exciting year closes out, I am really looking forward to 2014. My academic work continues at Essex with the Faculty and with new research endeavours on authoritarianism and human rights, while in the magical world, I am pleased to announce the forthcoming book The Magiculum, which will be published by EyeCorner Press. The book is a wonderful collection of essays from lifelong magicians reflecting on the different ways in which magic has been part of their lives.

Finally, I wish to thank my lovely family Melissa, Sophia, Oliver, Briony, and all our furry friends for making home life so wonderful, full of love, and never short of surprises. This is where the true magic lies.



Democratic Diffusion and the EU

I just had a superb few days in Brussels visiting colleagues in the European External Action Service discussing issues around democracy promotion, democracy training, and new areas of research that will be supported by EU funding. The highlight of the trip was giving a keynote presentation at the Representation of the North Rhine Wesphalia to the EU for an event on the Arab Spring and the diffusion of democracy. I was joined by Nabila Hamsa from Tunisia and President of the Foundation for the Future (FFF), a pan-Arab NGO working to secure peace and democracy in the Middle East and North Africa. The panel also included Joerg Faust from the German Development Institute in Bonn and Alexander Graf Lambsdorff, MEP, who was Head of the EU Election Monitoring Mission in Libya. Our audience included Egyptians, Iraqis, Syrians and others from the region, as well as representatives from many EU institutions and other organisations.

Here is a summary of my presentation:

The Arab Spring: Democratic Diffusion and the European Union

Professor Todd Landman, Director, Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution, University of Essex, United Kingdom
Professor Landman provided an overview of the conceptual, empirical and practical issues surrounding the idea of ‘democratic diffusion’ in the era of the ‘Arab Spring’.  He argued that popular commentary on the dramatic developments in the Middle East and North Africa since late 2010 have had a tendency to over simplify both the complexity of the region and complexity of democratisation itself. Simple narratives about the inevitable democratisation of the region ignore the diversity of outcomes across cases such as Tunisia and Egypt (regime change and elections), Libya ( international intervention and regime change), Yemen and Bahrain (challenge and crackdown), and Syria (violent and bloody conflict). For Landman, the popular mobilisations in the region came primarily from economic discontent, which was coupled with a larger political critique and desire for regime change, but not necessarily an overwhelming desire for democracy per se.
The process of democratisation itself has a variety of domestic and international explanations, some of which can have a link to policy interventions by the EU; however, such policy interventions must recognise the contested nature of democracy itself and the dynamic and often inconclusive process of democratisation. Democratic diffusion has different unintentional and intentional elements, where direct democracy assistance, economic instruments, diplomatic instruments, and reputational instruments need to be deployed on the basis of a more coherent set of policy formulations within and across the various institutions of the EU. The overall challenge for the EU is to balance the natural tension among complexity, diversity and the realisation of foreign policy objectives with respect to support for democracy in the region and the world. These conclusions are drawn from a ongoing joint project on democratic diffusion undertaken by the German Development Institute and the Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution.
For a PDF of the presentation, please click here: IDCR-Arab-Spring-Brussels-27092012-PDF